PSL398H - Research Excursion Program
RESEARCH EXCURSION PROGRAM SUMMER 2017 – PSL398H (.50 FCE) - Application Deadline: Sunday, February 4, 2018
The Research Excursions Program provides an opportunity for Arts & Science degree students (St. George) beginning their third year (i.e., after completing at least 9 but not more than 14 credits) to participate in a practical or experiential activity under the supervision of a faculty member. The practical, experiential component can take the form of research/learning in archives, laboratories, libraries, or in a field camp, etc.—but not in a classroom at another university (that is covered by the Faculty’s summer abroad and exchange programs). The projects run within the May-August period, when both Faculty and students would be able to make the time commitments necessary. Regular tuition fees apply. The Faculty of Arts & Science will cover travel expenses.
Continued Pilot Project for 2017-18: To accommodate both the needs of the students and the supervisor, for 2017-18 we will allow students with up to 16 FCE (fourth year) to participate. REPs must include a majority of students having between 9 and 14 FCE. The faculty supervisors will choose the students in much the same way as they do for the 299Ys. Students’ eligibility will be verified prior to enrolment.
Each 398H0/Y0 has a program-specific designator, such as ANT, CLA, CSB, VIC, etc., and would be eligible to count towards program completion if the program sponsor (Chair or Director) so chooses. A limited number of 398H0/Y0 courses are available each year. In an effort to provide as many international opportunities as possible for Arts and Science students, priority is given to students who have not participated in Faculty of Arts and Science off-campus funding opportunities (Internationalized Course Module (ICM) another 398, Dean’s International Initiatives Program (DIIF) or Germany Europe Fund (GEF)). Faculty supervisors propose the projects and choose the students who apply. Students must also attend a mandatory Pre-Departure Orientation through the office of Safety Abroad no later than four weeks prior to travel.
Part I- Supervisor & Course Information
Name & Title: Carin Wittnich (Professor)
Course title & weight: PSL 398H - The effects of contaminants on marine animal physiology in the Bay of Fundy
Number of students: 6
Off-campus location: Comeauville, Nova Scotia
Total duration of course: 4 weeks – May 28 - June 29, 2018
Duration of off-campus component: between June 4 - 19, 2018
Part II- Research excursion details
1) A description of the research project and how the students will be involved in the project and benefit from the off-campus component.
Dr. Wittnich is funded through a 5 year renewable program grant (2016-2021) to study contaminant levels and effects in marine species found in the Bay of Fundy region. The research program, in which Dr. Wittnich annually conductsoff campus field research work in Nova Scotia each summer, investigates whether climate change and the concentration and types of contaminants is increasing within natural marine environment (Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia) physiologically how this affects aquatic animals in that area. The Bay of Fundy is a large body of water which is rich in marine life, of huge economical importance to the local economy, and an important food source for marine apex predators as well as many local communities. Numerous reports have stated that climate change may increase both the concentration and types of contaminants entering this important natural environment which could potentially affect the health of communities that have a high dependence on these numerous species that they consume. The economic value of the fishery in this area also raises additional concerns as to the possible impact of these changes on aquatic species growth and development. Because of the unexpected mass stranding’s of young herring in December 2016/January 2017 in the region, last summer stranded herring collected at the time, was well as related species mackerel (normal fishery caught) were thoroughly examined by undergraduate students participating in an excursion to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO).
This proposed REP forms a specific portion of the continued progress in the program grant area, where in the summer of 2018, with the full participation of the students enrolled in PSL398REP, Dr. Wittnich will explore the prey species which will become more relied on commercially (such as hake, halibut, herring - commercially caught not stranded, flounder) consumed by both humans and apex marine animal predators (seals, cetaceans, sharks) found in this region. The focus for this REP in 2018 will return to the growth and development correlated with age in key organ systems and heavy metal concentrations in prey species that will be consumed more by both humans and apex predators of the region. The species that will form the basis for the work during this course, are easily available as they are routinely caught by local fishers often as bycatch and readily available for this course from numerous (5 -7) processing plants and local fishers along St Mary's Bay that Dr. Wittnich works with each summer.
During this field excursion, under Dr. Wittnich's guidance and supervision, the students will do the following:
- perform general morphometric assessments (measurement of size/weight) of the various prey species and their organs (heart, liver, kidney, reproductive); as well as determine their age (otolith assessment technique) - to quantify baseline values, note any changes in growth and development vs age and conduct gross examination of the organs,
- take tissue biopsies to measure the amounts of contaminants in relevant organs and tissues (after preparation, samples assayed at government certified laboratory),
- conduct basic cytology, using locally available equipment, to see if there are any changes within the tissues. Each student selects a specific species of fish to study, and will conduct the full examination of their species and perform the above listed measurements.
Dr. Wittnich's field research is based at the Comeauville Marine Institute (CMI), a local field research station located on the Bay of Fundy, she has used for over 6 years in the conduct of her grant funded research work. This facility has a fully operational laboratory with capacity for tissue histology, biochemistry as well as walk in freezers and autopsy facilities to accommodate even large marine species. This permits the morphemetric and basic laboratory portions of the work which cannot be done in the field, to be done there. They also employ a full time PhD marine biologist with expertise in this area and have linkages with local Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) and other researchers. The CMI has hosted other local school and college groups. As well, they hosted PSL398H REP students in 2017 as a resounding sucees, confirming this environment is perfectly suited for the Research Excursion students.
PART Ill - Details of proposed activity
1) The students will spend the first week in Toronto during which they will have meetings/lectures where orientations will take place including: course outline and requirements and marking scheme; project assignments given and explained. Specifically, the students will design their projects, perform the necessary literature review, and meet with Dr. Wittnich to review and solidify their projects. This will then be followed by the field excursion to rural Nova Scotia via air and ferry to where they will assist Dr. Wittnich in the conduct of her field research on the health of fish in the Bay of Fundy (Comeauville). There, group living style accommodations with local cuisine are provided; as such significant dietary restrictions cannot be acco mmodate d. In addition, daily field work could involve mild inclement weather.
2) The planned academic outcomes for this activity are for the students to gain practical field research experience and the skills necessary in not only completing this course but to also realize what is involved with future graduate work that would have a field excursion component. The students will become skillful in:
- setting up and preparing for their project (rational/hypothesis generation, literature review, equipment preparation)
- gathering tissue and data in the field (the pitfalls of working in the field, working as a team, etc)
- basic laboratory techniques to collect morphometric data, aging of fish; simple tissue prep and staining for histology
- analyzing their data (proper analysis, essentials of gathering the right data, limitations of work, etc)
- learning the physiological effects of climate change (temp, pH, salinity etc) from the cellular level to the complete organ
- the importance of being able to communicate their findings in a logical well understood manner (students all prepare and present posters at the FAS undergraduate research forum in March at the university)
- self directed learning
3) Students participating in this REP will have the opportunity to benefit from valuable experiences such as:
1) in the field hands-on gathering of organs/tissue, 2) developing a research project and data collection, 3) analyzing and presenting their data, 4) performing basic field laboratory techniques in preparation of tissue for examination including fish aging. Their unit benefits since the student's didactic learning is supplemented with hands on applied use of such knowledge and the Faculty benefits by have students in their programs who are motivated to continue learning and become more career oriented.
4) How will students be selected to participate in the proposed project (for REP please list any pre-requisites, specific conditions or other relevant information)?
Applicants with relevant courses (biology/physiology, environment, ecology);+ interviews
5) How will this project help students develop a global perspective?
Students are immersed in the local culture and also learn about the local values and economy which is very different from what they experience in Toronto.
6) Please consult the International Programs website for available funding options. How does this project meet the goals of the program(s) that you are applying for?
This project involves the full daily participation of the 6 students in the research project, collection of critical data in the field.
PART IV- Itinerary
Dates, Location, Activity
May 28-June 1 (Toronto): Orientation, project assignment, literature review, prep for field work
June 4 (Toronto): Depart Toronto via air to Saint John NB, ferry to Digby NS, arriving at Comeauville facility (CM/) via shuttle. - welcome & brief orientation
June 5 (Maviel/ette Beach, NS): Intro to laboratory & Research staff, safety & rules of facility; field excursion
June 6-14 (Claire municipality, NS): Daily field excursions for collection of specimens, morphometrics, etc
June 15-18 (Field station CM/ NS): Work on tissue prep for assays, cytology lab work etc
June 19 (Comeauville, NS): Departing Comeauvil/e via shuttle for Digby ferry to Saint John NB, Saint John airport flight to Toronto,
June 20-29 (Toronto): Presentations, handing in of required field data books; final report
30% - field data book (quality of data recorded)
25% - hands on field work
25% - presentations topic related research
10% - summary manuscript
10% - participation
Course runs from: May 28 - June 29, 2018