pausova
Zdenka PausovaMD
Professor
Endocrine and Diabetes Platform; Reproduction and Development Platform

Contact Info

T. (416) 813-7654 Ext. 304340
F. (416) 813-5771

Location

Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning
686 Bay Street, Room 10-9705
Toronto
ON, M5G 0A4

Research Interests

Obesity and cardio-metabolic disease in adolescence; Eating behavior, addiction and the adolescent brain; Human epigenome in health and disease; Induction of brown fat as a protection against diet-induced obesity

Accepting

None

Degree/Qualifications

MD

Appointments

Senior Scientist, Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute.

Senior Scientist, Hospital for Sick Children
Associate Professor, Departments of Physiology and Nutritional Sciences
University of Toronto

Research/Teaching

Research Synopsis:

Research Interests:

Our research is focused on early stages and trans-generational trajectories of common cardio-metabolic and brain diseases. It is guided by the following biomedical considerations: (1) many common cardio-metabolic and brain disease originate in utero; (2) they involve interactions between adverse environments and vulnerability genes; (3) many of these diseases emerge during adolescence and become established during middle-aged adulthood; and (4) most of them are multi-systemic, affecting both the brain and body.

The main research interests are:

  • Visceral adiposity and its links to cardiometabolic health, brain structure and cognition
  • Eating behavior, addiction and the adolescent brain
  • Genetic and environmental factors modulating DNA methylome

Research Methodology

  • Cardio-metabolic Physiology
  • Nutrition
  • Brain structure
  • Epidemiology
  • Population Genetics and Epigenetics
  • Lipidomics

PRESENT TRAINEES                                                                                                      

Students and Postdoctoral Fellows

Jean Shin (PDF, 2013-present)
Catriona Syme (PDF, 2015-present
Simon Czajkowski (MSc student, 2013-present)
Stephanie Pelletier (MSc student, 2015-present)

Staff

Manon Bernard (database architect, bioinformatics; 2000-present)
Celine Bourdon (research technologist, 2011-present)

Volunteers

Dominique Wong (2013-present)
Olivia Li (2015-present)

Recent alumni

Melkaye Gebreselassie Melka (PDF, 2010-2012)
Amir Haghighi (MSc student, 2010-2012)
Mariel van Woundenberg (MSc student, 2010-2012)
Katie Goodwin (research assistant, 2011-2013)
Ken Lee (research assistant, 2012-2013)

 

Courses:

PSL1024H - Advanced topics: Neuroendocrinology (Course coordinator)

Publications and Awards

Recent Publications

1.  Visceral adiposity and its links to cardiometabolic health, brain structure and cognition

  • Schwartz DH, Dickie E, Pangelinan M, Leonard G, Perron M, Pike GB, Richer L, Veillette S, Pausova Z, Paus T. Adiposity is associated with structural properties of the adolescent brain. NeuroImage103: 192-201, 2014
  • Schwartz DH, Leonard G, Perron M, Richer L, Syme C, Veillette S, Pausova Z, Paus T. Visceral fat is associated with lower executive functioning in adolescents. Int J Obesity 37:1336-1343, 2013
  • Goodwin K, Syme C, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard G, Richer L, Perron M, Veillette S, Gaudet D, Paus T, Pausova Z. Routine clinical measures of adiposity as predictors of visceral fat in adolescence: a population-based magnetic resonance imaging study. PLoS One 8: e79896, 2013
  • Melka MG, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard GT, Perron M, Richer L, Veillette S, Gaudet D, Paus T and Pausova Z. Clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescence: a role of visceral fat. PLoS One 8: e82368, 2013
  • Pausova Z, Mahboubi A, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard GT, Perron M, Richer L, Veillette S, Gaudet D, Paus T. Sex differences in the contributions of visceral and total body fat to blood pressure in adolescence. Hypertension 59:572-9, 2012
  • Melka MG, Bernard M, Mahboubi A, Abrahamowicz M, Paterson A, Syme C, Lourdusamy A, Schumann G, Leonard GT, Perron M, Richer L, Veillette S, Gaudet D, Paus T, Pausova Z. Genome-wide scan for genes of adolescent obesity and their relationship with blood pressure. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97(1):E145-150, 2012

2. Eating behavior, addiction and the adolescent brain

  • Lee KWK, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard GT, Richer L, Perron M, Veillette S, Bouchard L, Gaudet D, Paus T, and Pausova Z. Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke interacts with OPRM1 to modulate dietary intake of fat. J Psychiatry Neurosci, 40: 38-45, 2015
  • Haghighi A, Melka MG, Bernard M, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard GT, Richer L, Perron M, Veillette S, Xu CJ, Greenwood CMT, Dias A, El-Sohemy A, Gaudet D, Paus T, and Pausova Z. Opioid receptor mu 1 gene, fat intake and obesity in adolescence. Mol Psychiatry, 19: 63-8, 2014
  • Haghighi A, Schwartz DH, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard GT, Perron M, Richer L, Veillette S, Gaudet D, Paus T, Pausova Z. Prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking, amygdala volume and fat preference in adolescence. JAMA Psychiatry. 70:98-105, 2013
  • Melka MG, Gillis J, Bernard M, Abrahamowicz M, Chakravarty MM, Leonard GT, Perron M, Richer L, Veillette S, Banaschewski T, Barker GJ, Büchel C, Conrod P, Flor H, Heinz A, Garavan H, Brühl R, Mann K, Artiges E, Lourdusamy A, Lathrop M, Loth E, Schwartz Y, Frouin V, Rietschel M, Smolka MN, Ströhle A, Gallinat J, Struve M, Schumann G, the IMAGEN consortium, Pavlidis P, Gaudet D, Paus T, Pausova Z. FTO, obesity and the adolescent brain. Hum Mol Genet. 1:1050-8, 2013

3. Genetic and environmental factors modulating DNA methylome

  • Shin J, Bourdon C, Bernard M, Wilson MD, Reischl E, Waldenberger M, Ruggeri B, Schumann G, Desrivieres S, Leemans A; IMAGEN Consortium; SYS Consortium, Abrahamowicz M, Leonard G, Richer L, Bouchard L, Gaudet D, Paus T, Pausova Z. Layered genetic control of DNA methylation and gene expression: locus of multiple sclerosis in healthy individuals. Hum Mol Genet. 2015 [Epub ahead of print].
  • Lee KWK, Richmond R, Hu P, French L, Shin J, Bourdon C, Reischl E, Waldenberger M, Zeilinger S, Bouchard L, Gaunt T, McArdle W, Ring S, Woodward G, Gaudet D, Davey-Smith G, Relton C, Paus T, Pausova Z. Prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking and DNA methylation: epigenome-wide association in a discovery sample of adolescents and replication in an independent cohort at birth through 17 years of age. Environ Health Perspect 123: 193-9, 2015
  • Lee KWK and Pausova Z. Cigarette smoking and DNA methylation. Review. Front Genet 4: 132, 2013
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